The Omani people are passionate about their food, and this is evident wherever you travel around the Sultanate. Thankfully, there are restaurants that create exceptional Omani food and unforgettable Omani eating experiences. Al Angham restaurant happens to be one of the finest. It does original Omani food, with a modern Omani touch. Wings of Oman’s Paul Winter went to investigate.
In the best eateries all over the world, it is very often the little details – in the service, the food, and the décor and design of the restaurant – that set them apart from the rest.
Al Angham is one of the restaurants in the Sultanate that consistently gets described as a top venue to experience traditional Omani food. And just like at some of the best eating venues around the world, the fine attention to detail here (along with the food) seems to be one of the reasons it does what it does so well.
Some of these details included the ‘Royal Omani Guard’ who welcomed me at the door, and who was impeccably dressed in the traditional Omani attire (complete with silver Khanjar dagger); the exquisite silverware, fresh roses, and embroidered napkins that adorned the dining tables; the original Omani artifacts and décor items that are placed at various points around the rooms; the interior architecture of the restaurant, and many more things.
Treating guests like royalty and making sure everyone feels special is one of the things that Al Angham’s staff (who all wear traditional Omani dress) take a lot of pride in. I got a feel for this as I was taken on a welcoming tour, like most guests are, around Al Angham’s four private dining rooms and halls – named Al Zabarjd, Al Turayia, Al Majlis, and Al Sabah. These are all separate from the main dining hall; all have their own character and design; and feature superb examples of Omani décor.
Original Omani food – With a modern touch
After the above introduction to Al Angham, I now faced the most difficult part of my time spent at the restaurant – negotiating my way through the restaurant’s menu. As a food-loving expatriate living in the Sultanate, I have become relatively familiar with what ingredients makes up traditional Oman-style uisine. So being able to identify each dish on the menu, and talk about some of the combinations of flavours being presented, is something that comes naturally. The difficult part was dealing with being overwhelmed with what was on offer.
My goal at Al Angham had originally been to sort of ‘taste my way through’ the full spectrum of the Sultanate of Oman’s cuisine. But of course, this proved impossible in just one sitting! I settled for selecting a few dishes that were recommended by various food reviewers who had previously been to Al Angham.
Many of the dishes at Al Angham are presented and laid out according to an innovative and modern aesthetic. My halwa turned out to be the perfect example of this.
Fine Omani Dining
Some food reviewers have suggested that Al Angham restaurant represents the very best in fine Omani dining, and it’s hard not to agree. Plenty of professional service, and warm, friendly hospitality – which is typical of the Omani experience – accompanied each of my dishes.
The food, of course, was spectacular, and the highlight for me was knowing I was eating classic, original Omani food, prepared and served in the traditional way (with, as mentioned, some modern Omani touches).
When I was done, the Al Angham experience ended off with the cherished Omani custom of rinsing my hands with rosewater. It was the perfect ending to what will surely be a very long love affair with Omani food and Omani food culture.
True Omani Cuisine
Having been at crossroads for world trade and travel between the Middle East, Africa and the Far East since ancient times, Oman’s cuisine has been influenced by many food cultures. But over hundreds of years, it has also naturally evolved into something original and unique. One of the main examples of this is that Omani dishes are not as hot as those of other cuisines from neighbouring regions.
Traditionally, Omani cuisine is prepared with liberal use of marinades, spices, herbs, onions, garlic and limes. These are combined and fused with the base ingredients of chicken, mutton, cooked vegetables and fish. (The abundance of fish and seafood dishes in Oman is also a reflection of the rich maritime tradition that the country has procured over hundreds of years).
Omani cuisine also includes a wide variety of soups prepared from vegetables, legumes and meats. Various types of vegetable and non-vegetable salads are also standard. Main courses very often include vegetable curries, which are combined with barbequed kebabs, and grilled or curried meat, chicken and fish dishes.
Located at the northernmost tip of the Arabian Peninsula, and jutting out into the Strait of Hormuz, the Musandam Peninsula is a magical combination of mountain and maritime landscapes. Some say it’s the most spectacular travel destination on the Arabian Peninsula. It’s hard not to agree.
Exploring dramatic fjords on wooden dhows, snorkeling with dolphins and a fantastic array of marine life (sometimes Whale Sharks), sea-kayaking, and taking in some of the planet’s most breathtaking mountain and sea scenery – this is what the Musandam Pensinsula is all about. In fact, Musandam is often referred to as the ‘Norway of Arabia’ – due to the rocky, arid Hajar Mountains that rise up directly out of the deep blue waters of the Arabian Gulf. A maze-like series of steep-sided fjords (known locally as chores) and inlets is the result – with most of them being only accessible by boat or traditional Omani dhow.
‘Old World Arabia’:
Picture perfect coastal drive getting to Musandam is a highlight in itself. The thirty kilometers or so from Bukha to Khasab must be one of the world’s most spectacular drives, as the Khasab Coastal Road weaves its way along the edge of the clear Arabian Gulf waters and its many soft sand beaches, and right next to the sea cliffs and mountains of the towering Hajar Mountains.
Along the way, you’ll also see picturesque little mosques with their beautiful minarets near the coastline, tiny fishing villages, herds of goats, palm frond shelters where fishermen sort their catch and maintain their nets, and the hulls of old wooden dhows. This is ‘Old World Arabia’ at its very best. As you approach Khasab itself, you’ll begin getting views of the spectacular fjords and inlets. You’ll also see flat-roofed, mud-coloured houses dotted around the villager’s date palm plantations.
(There is also a collection of prehistoric rock art – etchings of warriors on horseback and other creatures – near Wadi Qidah). At only thirty kilometers you can do the drive at a leisurely slow pace – and stop now and again on the side of the road to take in the scenery and take photos.
History, Culture & Adventure:
The Musandam Peninsula has been the home of extremely isolated communities for centuries, and many coastal villages here can only be reached by boat. Some of these fishing villages are tiny – and surrounded on all three sides by coastal cliffs, and by the sea in front of them. Life here is probably very similar to what it was like many years ago. When visiting Musandam you seem to get a sense of travelling back in time to a world of what would have consisted of dangerous trading adventures and merchant voyages, rumors of mythical villages and people, and fantastic piracy and smuggling stories taking place in the secret coves and bays below the rocky, mountainous headlands. And this all seems to add to the mystery and charm and sense of adventure you get from travelling here.
What to do:
Two classic Musandam experiences A dhow cruise, offered by one of a handful of ecoadventure operators in the area, should be on any traveler’s essential to-do list for Musandam. Full or half-day dhow cruises to explore some of the biggest fjords and inlets in the area are available. Snorkeling equipment can be provided for the day, and overnight options – where you can camp on a secluded beach – are also possible. Whenever you’re on a dhow cruise in Musandam, you’re almost guaranteed to be intercepted by a friendly and inquisitive pod of dolphins. Most dhow trips also make a stopover at the interesting Telegraph Island, which is a small rocky island that, in the 19th century, was used as a base to boost messages along the London-to-Karachi undersea telegraph cable. Another classic Musandam experience is a guided four-wheel-drive tour up the region’s highest mountain – Jebel Harim. The absolute high point is used for military purposes (the altitude is 2 087 meters), but it is possible to drive to within a few hundred meters from the summit, to a height of around 2 000 meters. From here the views of the mountains and the Arabian Gulf waters are spectacular.
There are many sinkholes in Oman, but Bimmah is the most impressive. Since it is only an hour’s drive from Muscat, it is also one of Oman’s most popular tourist sites. It is well worth a visit.
Longitude: 23° 03’ 44.8” N Latitude: 59° 07’ 19.41” E
Bimmah Sinkhole has been attracting travelers and locals to its crystal clear waters for a long time. A walk down the stairs to the water’s edge – and even a swim in the Bimmah’s refreshing waters –is something too enticing to miss.
Bimmah Sinkhole was formed by the collapse of a large underground cave, due to natural erosion. Remnants of the cave can be seen at the base of the hole. Access to the sinkhole is free, and there are picnic and toilet facilities available.
After a site-seeing trip to Bimmah, travelers often continue their drive through to the coastal town of Sur, which is the traditional home of dhow building in Oman.
Tiny fish can be found in the pool and sometimes, they gently nibble on your toes. The sinkhole is approximately 60 meters by 80 meters wide, and about 25 meters down to the sinkhole is located the water level.
In Hawiyat Najm Park, which is about an hour’s drive south-east of Muscat, and just off the Muscat-Sur road. Bimmah sinkhole is only about 600 meters away from the Sea of Oman shoreline.
A park and viewing platform have been built around the sinkhole – as well as a stairway that leads down to the water’s edge. The natural lighting conditions at the sinkhole and the iridescent blue-green color of the water make for wonderful photographs.
The sinkhole contains salt water that is crystal clear – with underwater visibility up to 20 meters at certain times.
Oman Air’s mouth-watering First Class and Business Class inflight dining has been praised to the skies by readers of US-based luxury food magazine Saveur.
The national carrier of the Sultanate of Oman has scooped the Readers’ Choice Award in the magazine’s annual Culinary Travel Awards, beating many of the biggest names in global air travel.
Announcing the award, Saveur magazine said: ‘The traditional Arabic greeting of dates and coffee is just the beginning of a dining service that focuses on the essential details that make a difference at 40,000 feet. It certainly set the right mood for our readers, who selected Oman Air’s first and business class dining as their favourite in 2014.’
Saveur’s readers were particularly impressed with Oman Air’s long haul dining, with the daily Heathrow to Muscat route being singled out for praise. The magazine’s description of First Class dining on this route includes a starter of caviar and champagne, followed by canapés, appetizers such as a winter pumpkin and apple soup, and entrées such as poached fillet of beef, Loch Fyne salmon, pan-fried sea bass and saffron risotto with grilled asparagus.
Saveur also highlights ‘A wonderful Arabic meze with traditional kibbeh, tabbouleh, spinach fatayer, olives, and labneh with fresh mint, followed by…king prawn kebab, steamed chickpea rice with pine nuts, and seasoned okra.’
Saveur magazine has a circulation of 325 000 and draws nearly two million unique visitors to its website every month. It offers readers information about food in all its contexts, emphasising heritage and tradition, home cooking and real food, and evoking flavours from around the world. Coverage of Oman Air’s success in the Readers’ Choice category of the Culinary Travel Awards can be found at
Chennai, formerly known as Madras, is the capital of Tamil Nadu. It is perched neatly along the Coromandel Coast, on India’s south-eastern coastline, and is considered the gateway to Southern India. The city has a thriving art and culture scene. Along with this, it is also a paradise for food lovers. South Indian food is something truly special, and in Chennai, travelers soon learn all about it! Here’s to a true Chennai feast…
Chennai culture is distinctly different from that of any other city in India. Their coffee is unique too. It would be a disgrace to begin any holiday in Chennai without a cup of famous Tamil Nadu filter coffee – which is made with dark roasted coffee beans; brewed to be strong; and often enhanced with chicory.
The fact that Chennai is the biggest commercial centre in South India takes nothing away from the fact that it is also a major cultural centre – and a large part of this is represented by Chennai’s food culture. (By the way, while sipping that coffee, you can also comprehend the fact that Chennai is proudly celebrating its 375th anniversary this year).
The coffee is a necessary introduction to any day, but this not the only traditional Tamil Nadu and Chennai offering that you’ll need to get through when you’re here.
Chennai cuisine is made up of a variety of South Indian cuisines – including vegetarian and non-vegetarian cuisines. It’s been said that one of the defining points of South Indian food is that it successfully combines the entire spectrum of taste senses – sweet, bitter, sour, salty, and others. Serving dishes on fresh banana leaves – as is traditionally done in many regions in South India – is believed to remove some toxins from the food. It just looks good too, and it is one of the many reasons why food experiences in Chennai are so memorable.
Breakfast, lunch, and dinner dishes very often incorporate rice. For breakfast, idli (steamed rice cakes) or dosa are served, along with coconut chutney or tomato chutney. Both these are made from a fine paste of rice and lentils. Upma, idiyappam or vada are also served.
In lunch, there is a variety of food served with sambar, rasam, kootu, buttermilk, chutney and curry. Non-vegetarian meals include curries or dishes prepared with chicken, mutton or fish. Pickle, salads and papad or appalam are also essential to complete the meal.
In the evening, traditional Chennai dishes have chilly or onion pakoda, vada, murukku – and this is often accompanied with filter coffee. Chettinad Pepper Chicken is a classic non vegetarian option.
Famous sweet dishes of Chennai are payasam rice pudding, kesari (a sweet made from semolina), and sweet pongal, which is made from rice boiled in milk, combined with jaggery.
Chennai serves up a never-to-be-forgotten selection of dishes. For travelling foodies, the place is paradise. It has also been said that the people of Tamil Nadu consider providing food to others a service to humanity and you can therefore always expect the food and service in Chennai to be first rate.
Chennai was originally a fishing village. The close relationship that the region’s people have had with the sea is still evident today: Chennai loves its beaches!
Besant Nagar has a great vibe, and the Marina Beach, with its long promenade, is a popular spot to walk along. Edward Elliot’s beach is spread along the coast down south from Marina. It is well known as a hangout spot for Chennai’s youth during in the evenings. The peaceful Breezy Beach is located in the neighborhood of Valmiki Nagar in Chennai. Evenings are very pleasant and lots of tourists find time to come here.
The allure of Chennai’s cultural offerings comes from the old being combined with the new: Though a modern city, it continues to be traditional and conventional in certain ways. Tamil Nadu cuisine is just one aspect of the Chennai experience. For the traveller exploring the city on a day-to-day basis, there’s no shortage of things to see and do:
- Watch Bharatnatyam dances: Watch a dance performance at the Krishna Gana Sabha.
- Walk the Dakshina Chitra: Check out the outdoor Dakshina Chitra, which is a home of the living traditions of folk performing arts, crafts and architecture of South India.
- See the Kapaleeshwarar Temple: This is believed to be one of the oldest holy places of the city. The most notable feature is its 37 meter high gopuram.
- Explore Pondy Bazaar: Leave the malls alone for a day, and visit Pondy Bazaar for street-style shopping, Chennai-style.
- Visit Guindy National Park: This is one of the city’s green areas – and home to a large population of deer.
- Enjoy Cafe culture: Chennai has some wonderful cafés to sample Chennai’s famous filter coffee.
- See Valluvar Kottam: This is a chariot temple built in the heart of Chennai in 1976 in honour of the Tamil poet and saint Thiruvalluvar, whose works included, among other things, writings on ethics and life.
Also, every December, Chennai holds a five week-long Music Season, which has been described as one of the world’s largest cultural events. The event encompasses performances of traditional Carnatic music by hundreds of artists in and around the city.
Originally, cotton was cultivated around the Nizwa area in the Sultanate of Oman. It was then used to produce a range of clothing items. These days, cotton production has declined, due to increasing production costs compared to modern industrial textiles. The availability of modern materials has also meant that the cotton making industry has reduced in size. However, a smaller range of cotton clothing and cotton products are still lovingly being made in certain parts of the Sultanate.
Fishing Trap Design
Throughout history, the people of Oman have been experts in obtaining fish and seafood from the sea – and this has been illustrated by the unique selection of fishing tools and techniques that have been designed and developed through the years. Traditional dome-shaped fishing traps, which were originally made from palm fronds, are a wonderful example of this. After a fish enters through the trap’s one-way, funnel-like opening, they cannot return, and are captured later by a fisherman. The traditional palm-frond traps were expertly crafted and there was an innate beauty in their functional design. More modern versions of the traps are created with steel wire.
While handmade, traditional-style clay pots and pottery items are still popular in the Sultanate of Oman today, there are also examples of ceramic and pottery products being produced in a more modern style. These modern styles make use of contemporary manufacturing and finishing techniques which enable the craftsmen to produce some exquisitely beautiful and detailed designs – that have both ornamental, as well as functional qualities.
Latitude: 22° 50’ 12’’ N Longitude: 59° 14’ 28’’ E
Getting to Wadi Shab is almost as fantastic as the gorge itself. Driving south along the Muscat– Sur highway, you’re offered spectacular views of the Eastern Hajar Mountains on your right, and beautiful vistas of the Sea of Oman on your left.
It is best to avoid Wadi Shab during heavy rains, due to the possibility of flash flooding.
Wadi Shab is home to a fascinating array of ‘small’ wildlife: Birds, crabs, lizards, butterflies, dragonflies, fish, and much more.
If you plan to explore the full length of the wadi, make sure you bring dry bags and a change of clothes, as you will be getting wet!
Good walking/hiking shoes (instead of sandals or flip flops) are advisable.
A trip to Wadi Shab isn’t complete without a prepacked picnic lunch and snacks – and plenty of drinking water.
A couple of kilometres south of Wadi Shab lies the almost identical Wadi Tiwi, which is another spectacularly deep and narrow gorge carved out of the mountains, and well worth exploring.
One of the main attractions at Wadi Shab is a secluded cave at the end of the gorge, which is reached after about a 45 minute hike and a series of swims through sections of deep rock pools. There is a waterfall in the cave’s main chamber.
From the entrance of the wadi, footpaths runs along the small rock ledges and stretches of sandy beach – and then past rock pools and huge boulders.
Swimming and cliff jumping is possible – and very popular – at many places along the wadi. The water is a beautiful emerald-green colour and often very clear.
To get into the gorge, you’ll have to cross a small waterway by boat and then make your way on foot through the gigantic rock-walled entrance into the gorge. There are always locals with boats happy to take you across for around OMR 0.500 (sometimes) less.
Access to Wadi Shab begins right below the Wadi Shab bridge on the Muscat – Sur coastal highway. There is a small parking lot, but you can also park your car on the side of the road under the bridge.
Besides being one of the most accessible wadi valleys in Oman, Wadi Shab, which is 140 kilometres southeast of Muscat, is also one of the most spectacular.
Mention Southeast Asia and most likely the names that will pop-up into most people’s minds are Bangkok, Singapore, Hong Kong and Kuala Lumpur. But vying for equal attention are two other megapolises: Manila, of the Philippines, and Jakarta, of Indonesia. These are true hidden gems of Southeast Asia – and predicted to be the most likely cities to overtake Singapore and Hong Kong within just a decade or two.
Manila has around 21 million residents living in its metro area alone. Jakarta’s metro area is the 2nd largest in the world with 28 million people. A whopping 10 million of these live within its city limits. Not surprisingly, both these capital cities are the bustling epicentres of political, social, economic, entertainment and educational enterprises and endeavours. Amidst their many superficial similarities each city carries a very unique flavour true to its own. One has to feel and experience this to really enjoy the distinctiveness and diversity of Manila and Jakarta.
Manila is a rapidly developing city with a colourful multi-cultural heritage, a vibrant day and night life, an exciting mall and shopping culture, a fetish for food and lots more – which all make it a powerful magnet for visitors seeking good times Jakarta is a shining example of modern multiculturalism in its truest form. It has an excellent tourism infrastructure, a burgeoning economy, a vibrant art scene, a splendid selection of ancient cultural relics, an advanced education system and superior medical services. The character of both Manila and Jakarta has been largely shaped by their strong colonial influences, given the fact that both have been long-time colonies of Spain (Philippines) and Portugal (Indonesia). And to date, the local customs and traditions of these lively cities, their festivities, cuisines, arts and culture carry a very distinct and special individuality about them.
Colonial Creations vs. Modern Skyscrapers
Both Manila and Jakarta abound with an array of modern and massive skyscrapers which share space with quaint colonial buildings. Each of these colonial masterpieces speaks volumes about the signature architectural marvels of their creators. Historical areas like the Spanish fortified town of Intramuros, in Manila, and Jakarta’s Dutch quarter in Fatahillah Square are two examples of this. Manila’s claim to colonial fame is the erstwhile Spanish city of ‘Intramuros’, which was officially declared a historical monument way back in 1951. Intramuros was originally a fortress city, and the fort, now, has been converted into a museum. The soul of Jakarta’s architectural marvels can be found concentrated in the areas surrounding Monas Square, which was originally known as ‘Koningsplein’ (King’s Square).
Visitors to both these cities will be spoilt for choice when it comes to touristic attractions. In Manila, touristic interests abound. Located adjacent to the famous Rizal Park Square and close to the earlier mentioned Intramuros, is the National Museum of the Philippines complex. Within this complex are stocked a wealth of arts, crafts, artefacts and information tracing the evolution of its diverse people, and of the country. The National Arts Gallery, Museum of the Filipino People, National Museum of Natural History and National Planetarium are the assigned guardians of the country’s cultural and traditional heritage. The Baroque Churches (a collection of four Spanish built churches) are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Some of the other attractions include the Cultural Centre of the Philippines, The Agrifina Circle, the Manila City Hall, the Malacca Sultanate Palace and the National Library. In Jakarta, located in the Old Batavia of the Kota area and built way back in the year 1710 is the famous Jakarta History Museum, also known as the Fatahillah Jakarta Museum. First used as the administrative headquarters of the Dutch East India Company and later the Dutch Government, the Jakarta History Museum today displays the history of Jakarta from ancient days to the founding of the town of Jayakarta in 1527; and showcases the history of its Dutch colonisation from the 16th century onwards until Indonesia’s Independence in 1945. After this informative tour visitors can explore the other attractions such as the ‘Dunia Fantasi’ – a huge theme park, which is divided into eight global geographies, and has over forty main rides and attractions. For the culturally and artistically inclined, the Dutch-built concert hall ‘Gedung Kesenian Jakarta’ or simply ‘The Jakarta Art Building’ is a great place of interest.
For all bird lovers a visit to the ‘Bird Island’ should be a must see on their itinerary. Located in the Jakarta Bay area and a part of the ‘Thousand Islands’, a short ferry ride from the town of Banten is the Bird Island. Playing host to over 60 different species of migratory birds, this is a real haven for birdwatchers and serious ornithologists.
Oman Air flies three times a week between Muscat – Manila. (As from 2 December 2014)
Oman Air flies four times a week between Muscat – Jakarta. (As from 12 December 2014)
Longitude: 23° 30’ 50” N Latitude: 58° 43’ 57” E
The coves, coastal waterways, sea cliffs and beaches of Bander Al Khayran are a paradise for those that love the sea and its shoreline (and marine life)
Here are some highlights to get you started:
• During summer, in the cooler late afternoon temperatures, Bander Al Khayran is an excellent venue to drive to for a sunset picnic or barbeque. (You can take a short hike down to the water’s edge for a quick snorkel session or swim before you eat).
• The long, sandy beach at As Sifah, which is a few minutes south of Bander Al Khayran by car, is perfect for long beach walks and refreshing swims in the Sea of Oman. There is also a popular seafood restaurant at As Sifah’s main parking area.
• On a boat trip from Marina Al Bandar, you’ll travel past the famous Al Bustan Palace Hotel and Barr Al Jissah Spa, as well as the iconic sea-arch formation that has naturally been eroded into the sea cliffs here over thousands of years.
• The mangrove growth that is part of the ecosystem at Bander Al Khayran provides a habitat for many living creatures – including many bird species.
• For first-time visitors to Muscat and Oman, the 45 minute drive to Bander Al Khayran is a spectacular introduction to the Sultanate’s arid, mountainous terrain. The last few kilometres of road run right next to Bander Al Khayran’s inland waterways and mangroves.
• Dolphins are often encountered on boat trips to Bander Al Khayran. At certain times of the year, Whale Sharks are also sometimes seen.
• There is a variety of underwater terrain – from shallow, protected coral reef gardens; to deeper 30 metre drop offs further offshore. The area is home to a vast array of tropical marine life. The wreck of the 3 000 ton Al Munnassir (sunk in 2003) also lies off one of Bander Al Khayran’s headlands.
• The coral reef systems here make the area popular for scuba diving and snorkelling. Dive charters can be arranged through various tour operators located in and around Muscat.
• For non-boat owners, there are a handful of ‘marine safari’ style tour operators that offer boat charters to Bander Al Khayran. (Many of them launch from Marina Al Bandar, just south of Muscat).
• Bander Al Khayran is well-known as a boating venue. Throughout the year, luxury yachts and powerboats of all kinds make their way to explore the area’s fjords, inlets and bays – or spend the day anchored next to the spectacular sea-cliffs and islands that rise straight up out of the sea.
All in all Bander Al Khayran is a scenic, easy hour’s drive southeast from Muscat. It is most popular as a boating venue, but certain parts of the area can be accessed by road. By boat or by car, it is well worth a visit!
Oman’s mountains offer a spectacular contrast to the flat, desert landscapes of much of the rest of the Arabian Peninsula. They are a sanctuary for those wanting to escape the hustle and bustle of nearby Dubai, Abu Dhabi, and Sharjah. And for travellers from all over the world, they represent the classic definition of ‘desert mountain wilderness’.
Mountains have always had a profound effect on humans. These giant rock structures seem to inspire greatness in us, and there lies within humans an instinctive desire to climb them, explore them, and make our homes next to them. And even just see them (and pull out our smartphones to take photos of them).
Classic mountain experiences
Oman’s mountains, and the ease with which they can be explored, are one of the things that make the country such a memorable travel destination. Here are the not-to-be-missed mountain experiences and eco-travel adventures for those travelling through the Sultanate.
Four-wheel-drive trips: Oman is four-wheel-drive territory at its best. On the various commercially run and self-drive four-wheel-drive tours on offer, you’ll be taken through some of the most breathtaking switchback passes and mountain roads imaginable. The famous jeep track from Rustaq to Nizwa through Wadi Bani Awf has always been a classic among experienced four-wheel-drive enthusiasts, but commercially-run and privately organised drives up Jebel Shams, Jebel Akhdar and through many of the Oman’s mountain wadis are also popular.
Trekking: The trekking season in Oman runs from September to May. There are well-established trekking routes that cater to all fitness levels, in all the mountainous regions of the country. Trekking remains the best way to explore and get ‘up-close-and-personal’ with the Sultanate of Oman’s mountain environment. There are also a series of via ferrata routes – climbing routes with fixed wire cables and ladders – set up around Oman. The route at the Snake Canyon, near Balad Sayt in Wadi Bani Awf, is the most popular. These are regularly closed for routine maintenance however, so it’s best to check with local guides before planning your trip.
Mountainbiking: Oman’s mountain terrain seems to be made for mountainbiking. There are a handful of tour operators that offer guided mountainbiking trails through the mountains and wadis (often passing old villages, forts, traditional ‘falaj’ irrigation systems, and other cultural relics along the way). The Trans Hajar Mountain Bike Race, is an annual multi-stage mountain bike race that takes place in the Al Hajar range.
Rock-climbing: Most of the rock-climbing in Oman takes place on good quality limestone. There are a number of climbing sites, all within three hours drive outside of Muscat, with nearly 100 graded routes ranging in difficulty. There are also several multi-pitch routes up the huge mountain walls of Jebal Misht, near Ibri. What sets Oman apart from the rest of the world is the sheer volume of high quality climbing routes that are waiting to be ‘opened’. Climbers in Oman are spoilt for choice!
Photography: The unique natural lighting and colour palletes that accompany Oman’s mountains mean that they are a dream destination for photographers – like the Oman in Focus photographic expedition, who were a team of photographers that recently did a groundbreaking photo ‘safari’ around the Sultanate, and recorded some spectacular images.
Mapping Oman’s Mountains
There are two main mountain ranges in Oman – The Al Hajar Mountain Range, and Dhofar Mountain Range.
Al Hajar Range: This begins at the Musandam Peninsula in the north, and then runs in a south-east direction slightly inland, but parallel to the coastline. The awe-inspiring sea cliffs, mountains and fjords of the Musandam Peninsula are Oman’s northernmost mountains, and form the beginning of the Al Hajar range. They are only two hours away from Dubai by road, and the approach to Musandam and its main town, Khasab, is quite possibly the most dramatic and scenic coastal drive on the Arabian Peninsula. As the range heads south, it begins to rise to the highest and wildest terrain in the country, peaking at the Jebel Akhdar mountains, and then Jebel Shams, the highest point in the country (at 3,009 metres). From here, it heads in a southeast direction, closer and closer to the coastline, and ends up a few kilometers short of the fishing town of Sur.
Dhofar Range: In Oman’s southern Dhofar region, the Al Qamar, Al Qara, and the Al Samhan mountains collectively make up the Dhofar Mountain Range. The range extends from the Yemen border in the West, to an area called Sadah, about a 100 kilometres west of Salalah, and begins just inland as it rises up out of the Arabian Sea. At 1,821 metres, Jebel Samhan is the highest peak here. What sets this mountainous region apart from the rest of the Arabian Peninsula is its lush greenery – which is a result of Dhofar’s tropical climate, as well the annual monsoon ‘Khareef’ season that takes place during summer. This unique, tropical climate brings with it a unique set of wildlife and biodiversity to the mountains. For example, in the remote, inaccessible eastern part of the range is Jebel Samhan Nature Reserve, which is the last wild habitat for the highly endangered Arabian leopard.
Classic Desert Mountain Wilderness?
For anyone in search of authentic ‘desert mountain wilderness’, the Sultanate of Oman should be on top of your list. Muscat itself has dozens of smaller peaks dotted around the city. These serve as a constant reminder of what lies in wait – on a much larger scale – further afield. You won’t be disappointed if you find yourself heading off into the heights to explore them.